1046 Howitt Street Wendouree
03 5335 3200

What is a Concussion?

Allied Health Care for the Ballarat Region

What is a Concussion?

by Chris Stewartchris-stewart

A concussion is defined as a complex pathophysiological process that affects the brain, typically induced by trauma.   This can be occur by a direct blow to the head, face, neck, or a blow to the body, which can create a force that can shake a person’s brain. Concussion is an evolving injury, which can change over the first few hours – sometimes over a few days. In most cases, symptoms have resolved within seven days after injury.

Recognising concussion is important for correct management and prevention of further injury.  Concussion can sometimes be difficult to detect. The symptoms and signs can be varied, non-specific and subtle.

Often though, there are clear signs that an athlete has sustained a concussion.

  • Headache
  • ‘Pressure in the head’
  • Neck pain
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred vision
  • Balance problems
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Sensitivity to noise
  • Feeling slowed down
  • Feeling like ‘in a fog’
  • ‘Don’t feel right’
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Difficulty remembering
  • Fatigue or low energy
  • Confusion
  • Drowsiness
  • Trouble falling asleep
  • More emotional
  • Irritability
  • Sadness
  • Nervous or anxious


If there is any doubt about whether an athlete has sustained a concussion, that athlete should not be allowed to return to the sport field that day. The diagnosis of concussion should be made by a medical practitioner with experience in concussion management before returning to play.

Athletes with suspected or confirmed concussion should remain in the company of a responsible adult (sport trainer etc.) and not be allowed to drive. The athlete is strongly advised to avoid alcohol and check all medication with a trained doctor.

Once the diagnosis of concussion is made, immediate management is physical and cognitive rest. This can include rest from school and work.   Most of the symptoms last 7 – 10 days, a gradual return to work or play should be developed in consultation with a doctor.

Those under the age of 18 years of age may take longer to recover, requiring a more conservative approach to concussion.   Return to learning should take a high priority over return to sport.

concussion-pictureChris Stewart is a Senior Physiotherapist at Lake Health Group, Ballarat

(Photo courtesy The World Today)


Lake Health Group have ceased group exercise classes as of Thursday 6th August in line with government legislative requirements relating to Stage 3 COVID19  restrictions in regional Victoria.

Closure of the gym and Pilates area as well as cessation of groups is for a minimum of 6 weeks at this stage and relates to small exercise groups as well as the GLAD arthritis program.

For people in group classes please arrange for a one on one appointment with Josh or Jamie for them to construct a home program. For those currently doing GLAD with Lachie or Jasper this can continue but only in a 1 on 1 consultation basis.

We apologise for any inconvenience but your safety and that of all our clients and staff at Lake Health Group is our highest priority. We will continue to update you on the status of the gym and groups via social media, our website and our newsletter.


If you are showing flu like symptoms including:

Sore throat



Shortness of breath

OR have travelled overseas and/or been in close contact with someone who is a confirmed coronavirus case within the last two weeks.

Please do not come into the clinic and call 5335 3200 to cancel your appointment.

This is extremely important for the health of all clients and staff.

We thank you for your patience at this time.

Updated 2nd  July 2020