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Biomechanics 101 – Why do we move the way we do??

Allied Health Care for the Ballarat Region

Biomechanics 101 – Why do we move the way we do??

written by Daniel LewryDaniel Lewry

Physiotherapy has changed a lot in recent years. There is a common misconception that physios just do massage, joint mobilisation and a little bit of ultrasound. This concept of a purely hands on approach is not very well supported by the literature to provide best outcomes for the patient. There is a time and place for manual treatment and it can be super effective in the right circumstances.

During an assessment, it is important to look at the way a person is moving and understand why it is that they are moving in this way. It is then possible to look at fixing the problem rather than purely treating the symptoms.

Often looking at a person’s biomechanics (the way the person moves) gives physiotherapists an insight into what the potential problem may be. There are many factors that can alter the way we move. Some of these factors include; pain, structural pathology, reduced range of motion at a joint, reduced strength or endurance of the muscles acting on the body part, reduced neuromotor control (relationship between the nervous system and the muscles) and fear.

The first step to assessing for deficiencies in biomechanics is knowing what the ideal biomechanics should look like. Once you know what normal should look like it easier to identify variations from the normal movement pattern. We will be providing examples over the coming weeks of different biomechanical faults/poor movement patterns.

The next step is knowing how to change the biomechanics. This is often the difficult aspect as we must look in depth at the reasons that the ideal movement pattern is not being adopted. This is where special tests for particular injury/pathology, range of motion testing, strength/endurance testing and neuromotor testing need to be adopted.

If the above testing reveals certain deficiencies, then the therapist needs to use their clinical reasoning to identify which things are relevant and worth changing. This must work in with the persons goals and demands for their work, sport or personal life.

A program can then be implemented to help establish a change. Sometimes this is easy and the person is able to make fast changes to their biomechanics. Other times there are many deficiencies to work on which can take time, commitment and hard work. The process is very individualised and will differ for every person. One size does not fit all.

Over the next 10 weeks we are going to provide examples of certain biomechanical faults and how they can result in certain injuries. We will start with some basic examples of running biomechanics.


Daniel Lewry is a Physiotherapist with Lake Health Group, Ballarat


Lake Health Group have ceased group exercise classes as of Thursday 6th August in line with government legislative requirements relating to Stage 3 COVID19  restrictions in regional Victoria.

Closure of the gym and Pilates area as well as cessation of groups is for a minimum of 6 weeks at this stage and relates to small exercise groups as well as the GLAD arthritis program.

For people in group classes please arrange for a one on one appointment with Josh or Jamie for them to construct a home program. For those currently doing GLAD with Lachie or Jasper this can continue but only in a 1 on 1 consultation basis.

We apologise for any inconvenience but your safety and that of all our clients and staff at Lake Health Group is our highest priority. We will continue to update you on the status of the gym and groups via social media, our website and our newsletter.


If you are showing flu like symptoms including:

Sore throat



Shortness of breath

OR have travelled overseas and/or been in close contact with someone who is a confirmed coronavirus case within the last two weeks.

Please do not come into the clinic and call 5335 3200 to cancel your appointment.

This is extremely important for the health of all clients and staff.

We thank you for your patience at this time.

Updated 2nd  July 2020